Non-neutron Transmutation of Used Nuclear Fuel
Project Innovation + Advantages:
Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) and other national laboratories and universities will develop a transformational technology for LLFP transmutation using energetic photons and protons. For instance, long-lived isotope I-129 (half-life of 15.7 million years) can be transmuted to short-lived isotope I-128 (half-life of 25 minutes). A high transmutation performance can be achieved by multiple transmutations in the arrangement of the LLFP target surrounded by an LLFP blanket. ANL’s proposed LLFP transmutation technology could substantially reduce the disposal impacts of the recovered radioactive waste from UNF by eliminating the need for a geologic-time-scale repository in which nuclear waste must be interred for several hundred thousand to one million years.
The proposed LLFP transmutation technology could substantially reduce disposal impacts of nuclear waste.