Integrating High-Density Capacitors to Create Efficient Power Converter
The Center for Power Electronics Systems (CPES) at Virginia Tech is developing an extremely efficient power converter that could be used in power adapters for small, light-weight laptops and other types of mobile electronic devices. Power adapters convert electrical energy into usable power for an electronic device, and they currently waste a lot of energy when they are plugged into an outlet to power up. CPES is integrating high-density capacitors, new magnetic materials, high-frequency integrated circuits, and a constant-flux transformer to create its efficient power converter. The high-density capacitors enable the power adapter to store more energy. The new magnetic materials also increase energy storage, and they can be precisely dispensed using a low-cost ink-jet printer which keeps costs down. The high-frequency integrated circuits can handle more power, and they can handle it more efficiently. And, the constant-flux transformer processes a consistent flow of electrical current, which makes the converter more efficient.
If successful, CPES would reduce the amount of energy consumed by notebooks and netbooks by 15%.
Reduced energy consumption would help decrease demand for foreign sources of fuel.
Efficient electronic components and devices conserve energy and reduce harmful emissions.
Stand-by energy drain from power adapters accounts for about 10% of an average home’s annual power usage—this amounts to about $4 billion in wasted spending across the U.S. every year.